Terpenes and terpenoids are the primary components of the essential oils of many types of plants and flowers. They create the flavor bouquet and how it tastes which is why they are often used in aromatherapy. They are also used to create the different flavors profiles in grapes which produce specific and replicable varieties of wine.

They were first used in the cannabis world to repel predators and attract pollinators. There are many factors that influence the development of terpenes:

  • climate
  • weather
  • age
  • maturation
  • fertilizers
  • soil
  • and more

There have been more than 100 different terpenes in cannabis, and every strain tends towards a unique terpene type. The most interesting characteristic about terpenes is their ability to interact synergistically with other compounds in the plant, like cannabinoids.

This has led many to believe that terpenes may play a key role in differentiating the effects of various cannabis strains.